Legitimidad y apropiación local: variables clave del fracaso de la construcción del Estado en Afganistán (2001-2021)
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Afganistán
construcción del Estado
legitimidad
apropiación local
fracaso

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Baltar Rodríguez, Enrique. 2023. "Legitimidad y apropiación local: variables clave del fracaso de la construcción del Estado en Afganistán (2001-2021)". Estudios de Asia y África 59 (1): 89-108. https://doi.org/10.24201/eaa.v59i1.2884
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El derrumbe del Estado afgano en agosto de 2021 corroboró que el state-building impulsado por la intervención internacional fracasó en el propósito de generar la legitimidad y apropiación local necesaria para su consolidación y sostenibilidad porque, al quedar la estrategia de state-building subordinada a los intereses de la lucha antiterrorista, las consideraciones de seguridad prevalecieron sobre los objetivos de reconstrucción nacional, crecimiento económico y buena gobernanza. Así, de hecho, la intervención militar y la ayuda financiera internacional contribuyeron a promover un tipo de Estado rentista y patrimonialista, que consagró los intereses de las viejas élites surgidas de la guerra civil y marginó del poder, de los beneficios de la paz y de los bienes públicos a la mayoría de la población y las regiones del país que el nuevo Estado debía proveer.

https://doi.org/10.24201/eaa.v59i1.2884
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