La maldición de los recursos en Timor-Leste
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Palabras clave

Timor-Leste
Timor Oriental
economía
maldición de los recursos
petróleo y gas
Metrics
Vistas/Descargas
  • Resumen
    62
  • PDF
    14

Cómo citar

Scheiner, Charles . 2022. "La maldición de los recursos en Timor-Leste". Estudios de Asia y África 57 (3): 477-518. https://doi.org/10.24201/eaa.v57i3.2785

Resumen

Tras recuperar la independencia en 2002, Timor-Leste estableció un riguroso sistema de gestión de los ingresos y las actividades relacionadas con el petróleo y el gas basado en las mejores prácticas internacionales. Con esto los encargados de formular las políticas esperaban proteger a la pequeña nación de la “maldición de los recursos” que afecta a los países que dependen de la exportación de riquezas no renovables. En cinco años, las exportaciones de petróleo estaban financiando 85% del presupuesto estatal y representaban 75% del PIB. En 2022, con sus reservas conocidas de petróleo y gas casi agotadas, Timor-Leste ha avanzado poco en la diversificación para transitar a una economía sustentable. Este artículo examina lo sucedido e intenta explicar por qué las medidas legales y estructurales bien intencionadas no fueron suficientes para evitar la “paradoja de la abundancia”.

https://doi.org/10.24201/eaa.v57i3.2785
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Referencias

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